UNIE en FEDERASIE BESTURE: STUUR ASB DIE INLIGTING NA JUL LEDE.
UNION and FEDERATION MANAGEMENT: PLEASE FORWARD THIS TO YOUR MEMBERS.
IN DIE UITGAWE SANPO NUUS/NEWS
- Wat doen SANPO vir my? / What is SANPO doing for me? See some of the items as discussed by the President during the AGM in Bloemfontein. (1)
- Criteria for the Lotto Electronic clocks. (2) Die eerste klokke word aan die WESKUS DU en die EDEN DU uitgereik. Alle lidbesonderhede moet die aansoeke vergesel. Fotos van die oorhandiging sal op die SANPO Blad geplaas word.
- See more information and requirement for the SANPO DEVELOPMENT FUND. (3)
- New revised SANPO MERITS as from 2018. I will distribute the new revised application forms shortly. (4)
- From the desk of the SANPO VET. (2 document icw Newcastle Disease attached – already distributed)
- All Provincial elections to be finalized by the 30th September 2018.
- New SANPO organisation – The SA Distance Roller Pigeon. See attached document.
- SANPO nommers. Ongeveer 4400 nommers reeds toegeken. Volgens grondwet moet die nuwe ledelyste teen 31 Julie elke jaar ingedien word. Om die proses te vergemaklik kan die vorige jaar se lys net opgedateer word. Lede wat ophou met duiwe , moet in rooi gemerk word , en nuwe lede in geel. Rustende lede moet steed’s op die lys wees. Lede sal slegs ander nommers kry indien hulle van organisasie verander. Ter verduideliking : Die hoofletter dui die provinsie aan, en die 2 syfer nommer die spesifieke organisasie in die provinsie. Bv B 02: B is OVS en 02 is Noord Vrystaat Vliegduif Bond. Sien volledige SANPO organisasie lys – aangeheg. Die SANPO NOMMER INLIGTING SAL SLEGS AAN DIE DEPT VAN OMGEWINGS SAKE BESKIKBAAR GESTEL WORD soos per ooreenkoms. (sal eers later vanjaar wees sodra die “Climate study” voltooi is.
- SANPO is busy with the finalization of a professional leg. The current SANPO constitution only provides for the amateur leg. Leon Meyer is chairing this very important addition to the SANPO Constitution.
- Attached is the updated SANPO Constitution. Die Grondwet word ook tans in Afrikaans vertaal.
- SANPO 2019 Algemene Jaarvergadering en GALA aand – 10 Maart 2019 – Port Elizabeth.
Ek is in die proses om al die epos informasie op die SANPO NUUS groep te plaas. Van die lede mag miskien SANPO NUUS twee keer ontvang oor die volgende week of twee. Besture word steeds versoek om seker te maar dat hul lede die SANPO info ontvang.
Organisations is welcome to forward any news/ information and I will add this to the next SANPO News.
SANPO bestuur en lede wil ook vir Oom Piet Taljaard van Warmbad baie geluk se met sy 94 ste verjaarsdag. Sien foto van Oom Piet en Burrie Swart.
SANPO NEWS //// SANPO NUUS
- 2017/18 Achievements
- The first provincial election of provincial executive teams took place in three provinces. The due date for finalization of this process is 30 September 2018.
- New SANPO junior programmes are introduced.
- Sound financial management.
- National Lotto income and subsequent decisions taken on that. SANPO Electronic Clock tender.
- Dope testing training sponsored by SANPO.
- On-going discussions with various state departments – Environmental Affairs, Agriculture, Dept of Sport and Transport etc. to ensure smooth running of the sport. Remember we are the only sport in the republic that must adhere to 4 government departments.
- Actions taken against NSPCA and the proposed Animal Protection Act, which stand to discriminate unfairly against us without a solid basis of scientific knowledge.
- Registration of new SANPO numbers is under process. This will ensure that about 70% of the SANPO members receive the SANPO NUUS direct.
- SANPO executives are in continuous discussions with SASCOC. SASCOC has invited SANPO to participate in the drafting of the “Norms and Standards of Good Governance” document.
- 150% Increase from 2016 applications for merit.
- SANPO show now hosted every year.(Bloemfontein as from 2019 onwards)
- SANPO’s role in the avian bird flu outbreak in the Western Cape, and the decisions taken.
- Arnold Classic Show attendance and conclusion.
- 1st Draft Provincial constitution completed for review.
- More than 50 radio broadcasts icw racing and fancy pigeons.
- NATIONAL LOTTERY – ALLOCATION OF ELECTRONIC CLOCKS
- Received R250 000 from Nation Lottery.
- Designated for clocks – R105 000
- Board agreed to reallocate another R105 000 for clocks. (reallocation)
- Total R210 000 for clocks, clocking systems, scanners, antennas and rings.
- Megastar (39) and I Pigeon (38) clocks.
- Only SANPO approved rings.
- Only organisations with approved audited financial statements can apply.
- Clock will be send to the provinces.
- Province will stay the owners of the clocks.
- May not sell or transfer the clocks. – Gift from the Lotto.
- Fancier will sign contract with province. List of members receiving needs to be forwarded with application.
- Lotto requires regular reports from province.
- Lotto reserves the right to visit the fancier
- SANPO Sport Ontwikkelings fonds
Die volgende informasie moet na die Fin komitee beskikbaar gestel word indien die organisasie aansoek doen vir die fondse.
- Volledige motivering.
- Finansiële state van organisasie.
- Aparte Bankrekening nommer vir die geld alleenlik
- Proses waardeer organisasie gaan werk om te bepaal watter persone finansiële bystand gaan kry.
- Bydrae van die organisasie tot dieselfde fonds, hoeveel en wanneer asook watter metode.
- Sodra die geld aangewend word, ‘n verslag wat elke betaling verteenwoordig aan wie en dan die betrokke persoon se details en SANPO nommer sodat SANPO kan bevestig dat dit wel so plaas gevind het.
- Afskrifte van Notules van die organisasie waar die elke saak beredeneer is met die aantal stemme daarvoor en daarteen.
- Fin State moet teen 31 Maart ingedien word.
- Alles moet 100% sigbaar en auditeurbaar wees.
- SANPO MERITS
AS FROM 2018 SEASON
- Braiding – Need to achieve 3 of the 4 categories as before 2016. Approved by Board.
- All annual results submitted for points should be in the top 25%. 7-year rule stay the same. Approved by Board.
- Admin / Show / Judge / Juniors / – no changes.
- 3 Categories plus overall
- Small / medium / large – based on number of pigeons basketing.
- Small – maks 100 – 500 pigeons – to cater for clubs and smaller unions.
- Medium – 501 – 2500 pigeons – Club, union, combine, provincial etc.
- Large – 2501 plus pigeons – Club, union, combine, provincial etc.
- Overall: As is. No change. ONLY Club and Union. Not on combine and provincial level. BEST SANPO PIGEON.
Approved by Board
- SANPO medals and trophies:
- Medals (gold, silver, bronze) for Small, medium, large. (short, middle, long, overall)
- Trophies (as is) for the overall best birds. (short, middle, long, overall)
Experimental infection with Brazilian Newcastle disease virus strain in pigeons and chickens.
This study was designed with the goal of adding as much information as possible about the role of pigeons (Columba livia) and chickens (Gallus gallus) in Newcastle disease virus epidemiology. These species were submitted to direct experimental infection with Newcastle disease virus to evaluate interspecies transmission and virus-host relationships. The results obtained in four experimental models were analyzed by hemagglutination inhibition and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for detection of virus shedding. These techniques revealed that both avian species, when previously immunized with a low pathogenic Newcastle disease virus strain (LaSota), developed high antibody titers that significantly reduced virus shedding after infection with a highly pathogenic Newcastle disease virus strain (São Joao do Meriti) and that, in chickens, prevent clinical signs. Infected pigeons shed the pathogenic strain, which was not detected in sentinel chickens or control birds. When the presence of Newcastle disease virus was analyzed in tissue samples by RT-PCR, in both species, the virus was most frequently found in the spleen. The vaccination regimen can prevent clinical disease in chickens and reduce viral shedding by chickens or pigeons. Biosecurity measures associated with vaccination programs are crucial to maintain a virulent Newcastle disease virus-free status in industrial poultry in Brazil.
Columba livia; Experimental infection; Gallus gallus; RT-PCR; Serology
The susceptibility of pigeons (Columba livia) and other members of the Columbidae family to NDV has been reported by several authors.11, 12, 13, 14, 15 It is now clear that the disease occurs in pigeons as a result of virus dissemination from affected chicken flocks, and it occurs in poultry flocks when the virus is disseminated from domesticated or feral pigeons.16 The source of ND infection to chicken flocks may be food contaminated with feces of feral pigeons infected with NDV.16, 17
Considering the potential risk of contamination of poultry species by pigeons carrying NDV, it is important to study the pathogenesis of the disease both in pigeons and in chickens. This study was designed to evaluate humoral immune response, viral shedding, and contact transmission after experimental infection of pigeons and chickens with a pathogenic NDV isolate of chicken origin under experimental and controlled conditions.
However, the use of an exotic Newcastle disease virus strain that was responsible for the most recent outbreak in California (USA) in an experimental infection of adult pigeons yielded a morbidity rate of 20% and two pigeons were euthanized because they displayed severe clinical signs of ND
The different behavior of NDV strain when inoculated in different hosts was also observed in the present study, once 100% of the chickens died in a short period of time, whereas pigeons that were in contact with these chickens (or were experimentally infected) remained healthy, without any clinical signs compatible with ND.
Vaccination of a large number of chickens against ND is usually carried out using non-virulent live virus administrated by spray or in drinking water. These administration techniques usually produce considerable variation in individual antibody responses.6
Several differences have been observed in virus strains isolated from different species of birds, mainly free-living birds in different locations throughout the planet. It is very important to devise more accurate and precise methods to evaluate the virulence of NDV isolates, especially in hosts other than chicken, and further studies are needed to investigate the determinant factors of interspecies transmission.15 These strains circulate in bird populations, generally without causing the disease, in a parasite vs. host balance. When these free-living birds get in contact with commercial birds, outbreaks may occur, with considerable losses to countries that raise and export poultry and poultry products. Biosecurity measures associated with vaccination programs as postulated by the International Animal Health Code are crucial for the preservation of the virulent NDV-free status for industrial poultry in Brazil.19
Below is some information that we researched last year when a reporter who was reporting on the AI and NCD outbreaks asked questions about the NCD outbreak. I have also attached the references that my colleagues and I were using.
Controlled diseases are managed according to the regulations prescribed by the Animal Diseases Act (Act 35 of 1984).
|Animal disease||Nature, causal organism and symptoms||Susceptible animals||Controlled veterinary act to be performed in respect of-|
|Susceptible animals||Contact animals||Infected animals|
|Newcastle disease||Highly contagious viral disease caused by avian paramyxovirus 1 (velogenic or mesogenic) strains that cause or have the potential to cause severe disease characterised by respiratory distress, greenish diarrhoea, occasionally nervous symptoms and high mortality.||Poultry and birds||All fowls, domesticated ostriches and racing pigeons in the Republic shall be immunised and kept immunised by the responsible person with an efficient remedy according to the manufacturer’s instructions for use thereof||Contact animals shall be isolated and immunised by the responsible person with an efficient remedy||Infected animals shall be isolated and be destroyed or dealt with as determined by the director.|
Properties where infected birds have been detected are put under quarantine and dealt with as prescribed.
Wild birds can carry the virus without becoming ill and can therefore transmit it to other birds they come into contact with or through their secretions. Birds in the pigeon family can shed the virus intermittently for a year or more.
As you can see, racing pigeons are included in the wording of the regulations but I see your point that not having a registered vaccine would be problematic.
There have definitely been at least 2 cases (laughing dove and crow) where the Provincial vet lab detected virulent NCD virus but the PPMV PCR at OVI was negative. You can contact Dr Lesley van Helden (email@example.com) or Dr Laura Roberts (firstname.lastname@example.org) our 2 epidemiologists if you would like them to run a query on the database to find exact numbers. I also know that at some point Dr van Helden spoke to the labs about what the different tests detect, so if the questions you are fielding are at the point where you need this information, she is a good person to speak to. Her number is 0218085017.
The SA Distance Roller Pigeon
By Carel Laufs
I will use my 40 plus year experience with the breed to try and explain why the SA distance roller pigeon is the only local deep roller pigeon in South Africa. Many fanciers most of whom are not with us anymore had a fundamental role to play in shaping the distance roller pigeon as we know it today.
The only credible record of the breeds existence surfaced in the late 1940’s when pigeons where imported from Britain. It is wildly speculated that the breed was also developed from other breeds such as the Oriental roller and West of England roller pigeons, unfortunately no record can be found to substantiate this. The fact remains that the breed was developed from imported roller pigeons.
It is also purely by choice that the distance roller came to be. All roller pigeon breeds perform some sort of aerial acrobatic back summersault that vary in length or depth as commonly referred to. Fanciers will also talk of the acrobatic action as the roll of the pigeon. By choice South African fanciers selected pigeons out of the imported British pigeons that performed longer deeper rolls, essentially going against the British standard of active short roller pigeons. By doing so the SA distance roller pigeon was developed out of undesired substandard imported pigeons. where pigeons rolled extraordinary lengths.
Because of the competitive nature of some fanciers who now had lofts full of deep roller pigeons they wanted to measure their pigeons against those of fellow fanciers, a way had to be found to do this. A method was developed where fanciers estimated the depth of roll in feet, they would compete against each other with performing kits of 6 to 8 pigeons and this is how the distance roller pigeon sport was born in South Africa. A set of rules were introduced where the duration of a competition was 45 minutes, each pigeon was allocated a judge whose duty it was to concentrate on his bird and record each roll of this bird for the duration of the competition. The roll was determined by the current method of judging the roll in feet. For example, 1 point for 12 feet, 1.5 points for 18 feet, 2 points for 24 feet, 2.5 points for 30 feet, 3 points for 36 feet, 3.5 points for 42 feet, 4 points for 48 feet, 4.5 points for 54 feet and maximum of 5 points for 60 feet and over. Another important rule was introduced where a pigeon had to remain in the kit for the duration of the competition, if a pigeon rolled or broke away from the kit it had five minutes to regroup where after it would be awarded 1 point, this was called a grouping point.
One major factor that had to be dealt with was how to identify the pigeons in the sky. Because the distance roller was developed to roll very deep it also had to fly very high, records showed pigeons rolling 20 to 100 feet and in some instances much, much deeper. An ingenious way was found where cake colouring liquid was mixed with a tiny bit of methylated spirits to form a dye which if applied to the feathers would remain there for weeks and even months before it had to be redone. So, pigeons where dyed different colours and by doing so these pigeons could be seen and judged from hundreds of meters in the sky.
Although some changes to this method of judging the was made over the years, the fundamental rules of judging remained unchanged.
The modern age brought with it technology that wasn’t available to fanciers in the 1940`s. In 1979 a revolutionary new method of judging was introduced. Instead of using the traditional method of measuring the depth of roll in feet stopwatches was used, for every second a pigeon rolled he was awarded 1 point.
Due to the competitive nature of the sport and the overwhelming number of new fanciers introduced to the sport new rules were introduced to ensure fairness for all competing fanciers. To accommodate more members in a club the duration of competitions was changed from 45 minutes to 20 minutes and in recent years to 15 minutes. Changes to the grouping rule was also made, grouping was now only applicable in the first 10 minutes of the competition, and the group point was increased to 2 points. A pigeon was also now awarded 1 fly point if it continued to fly for the duration of the competition. Competition kits where also reduced to 5 pigeons instead off 6.
Over the years many clubs emerged and the sport grew to the point where fanciers wanted to test their pigeons not only against fellow club members but also against members from other clubs and other provinces. A Federation was founded to oversee and regulate this were all affiliated clubs members competed on one set of rules.
A modern-day competition started with the competing fancier where it is his responsibility to ensure that all his competition kit pigeons are properly dyed for identification purposes. Since the days of using cake colouring liquid mixed with a tiny amount of methylated spirits to form a dye, new methods were found where fanciers used liquid flower dye or aerosol flower dye, which were more effective and lasted longer. A competition kit consists of 5 pigeons and 1 reserve pigeon. Each pigeon must be dyed a different colour, for example the right wing might be dyed blue for one pigeon, the left wing dyed green for the next pigeon, the tail might be dyed red on another pigeon and so on. Any combination was allowed as long as the 5 pigeons could be clearly distinguished and identified in the sky.
Each competing fancier completes a scoresheet where the colour of each pigeon is noted, the colour dye of each pigeon and the lettering on its ring is noted. The scoresheet is handed in at the loft of the first competing fanciers on the day of the competition and before the commencement of the competition.
Five judges and an umpire are selected by way of drawing of lots. To use an example if a judge draws the number 3 he will then judge pigeon number 3 on the scoresheet. Now that every judge has drawn a number it is time for the elected umpire to accompany the fancier to his loft where a verification process takes place. It is the responsibility of the umpire to ensure that all the information noted on the fancier’s scoresheet corresponds with that of his competition kit, from ensuring that pigeons are dyed properly to ensuring that the information on the scoresheet is a true reflection from what is on the pigeons ring.
Only after the umpire has scrutinized the competition kit along with the scoresheet and he is satisfied will judges be allowed near the fancier’s loft. They will then familiarise themselves with the competition kit to ensure they know exactly what the pigeon they are judging.
Two clocks are used for the purpose of keeping time during a competition. One is set at 15 minutes for competition time the other one for 10 minutes set for grouping time.
When all five judges and umpire is ready they will indicate to the fancier to release his competition kit. This may be done in different ways depending on the fanciers training method. Some will open the loft releasing all five kit pigeons simultaneously, others may opt to release out of hand and one at a time. Due to this variation it might take some time for the kit to form, needless to say, fancier have only 5 minutes from the release of his kit to shout “TIME” which will announce the commencement of the competition. The countdown clocks will start and judges will now commence judging of their pigeons. No general talking is allowed during judging except to identify a pigeon. A pigeon is judged with the stopwatch the moment it starts with its roll until it kicks out of the roll. The judge will then in a clear voice firstly announce the number of the pigeon he is judging followed by announcing the seconds the pigeon rolled as shown on his stopwatch. For example, he will call out “number three, 4.89 seconds”. This is then noted as the roll point on the scoresheet next to pigeon number 3, the same method is used by all judges.
Although a judge has to call out every roll only the improved score will be noted on the scoresheet. At the end of the competition only the highest score for each individual pigeon will count as his roll point. A judge’s score will always be accepted unless in cases where the umpire overruled a score because due to a discrepancy.
The first clock will sound after 10 minutes indicating that grouping time has now come to an end and every pigeon still in the competition kit will receive 2 points for grouping. A second clock will sound 5 minutes later at 15 minutes announcing the end of the competition. All judging will cease and judges will consult the scoresheet to ensure that what he has given to the scribe is recorded accurately on the scoresheet. If he is satisfied he signs the scoresheet, this is done by all five judges the umpire and participating fancier.
The highest roll score on the scoresheet including the fly and group points will now be calculated to give each pigeon a total score. The combined scores of all five pigeons will then give the fanciers a competition score total. Club members then travel from fancier to fancier where this whole process is repeated at each loft.
This is how it is done today, will it stay that way or will it change? Who knows we can only speculate on the future of the SA distance roller pigeon and the sport it represents. One thing is certain though, the SA distance roller sport has come a long way since the 1940’s when the first fanciers decided to select the longer rolling imported pigeons and start competing against each other.